How to buy and sell second-hand heavy equipment with confidence
Whether you have a backhoe for sale, or you’re in the market for construction vehicles, buying or selling second-hand heavy equipment for farming or construction is a big investment, so you want to choose wisely.
Here is what you need to know:
With all used heavy equipment, check the external body for rust, excessive wear or signs of repairs. Check hydraulic lines for leakage or poor seals and inspect the tires for tread depth and wear. When possible, bring an expert with you, whether it is an experienced equipment operator or service technician.
1. Dump Trucks:
Check the dump and its liner, seeing if it is steel or aluminum. Decide what is a priority –lightweight aluminum for fuel economy, or the strength and durability of steel.
The odometer, all the gauges, signals and lights should be in good working order. A driving test will reveal how the steering responds. Activate the lifting control mechanism to raise the dump box. The operation should be smooth, both when raising and lowering.
Check the current oil levels and the condition of the oil. The overall condition of the truck can be determined by looking at both the engine and transmission oil status. The truck’s mileage is a good numerical indicator of how much wear the truck has had. Determine the best axle layout, horsepower and towing capacity for the job the truck will be doing.
Rotate the housing of the excavator to a quarter turn to make sure there is no “play” in the slew ring. The movement should be tight and smooth. All connection points between the stick, boom and bucket should not have any movement, and bushings and pins should all be tight. The hour meter is an important measure of wear and should be operating properly. Check the teeth on the excavator bucket. If they are worn, that means the excavator will be less efficient.
Check the hour meter for an indication of the usage of the forklift. A forklift should start easily, and if a diesel model, there should be a minimum of exhaust. Inspect the forks for blades that are not straight or have uneven heights. For safety, the seatbelt, lights and horn should function properly. The mast should operate smoothly, both with and without a load.
As the major moving part on the tractor, the articulation point should get a thorough inspection.
Startup the tractor and turn the steering wheel. It should not be loose or hard to steer.
A lot of used farm equipment has a mechanical drive, like grain carts, manure spreaders, and augers, and requires a PTO (Power Take-Off) shaft. The PTO must have the proper specification for the attachments you need to run. Start the tractor and turn on the PTO to check if it has a smooth rotating movement. Ensure the tractor has the right number of outlets and lines for the types of attachments you will be running.
A full evaluation of hours and maintenance is ideal. During your startup, look for black, white or blue smoke from the engine. Listen for any strange noises and feel for rough points in any mechanisms.
7. Skid Steers:
If your skid steer loader has a bucket, check for signs of wear on the leading edge.
Both the Roll Over Protection Structure (ROPS) and the Falling Object Protective Structures (FOPS) should be sound. If not, they would not protect the operator in an accident, and that is a safety issue. Check the reading on the hour meter, the horn, backup alarm, lights, gauges and switches.
With this introduction, you can enter the marketplace with confidence. Shop and sell second-hand heavy equipment on Kijiji today!
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